Bauhaus Luftfahrt (BHL) is an interdisciplinary non-profit research institution of the four aerospace companies Airbus Group, Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft (IABG), Liebherr-Aerospace and MTU Aero Engines and supported by the Bavarian Ministry for Economic Affairs, Media, Energy and Technology. The team of around 35 scientists examines innovation potentials in the fields of energy, technology, engineering, operations and knowledge management for the long-term future of mobility in general and the future of air travel in particular. With a time horizon beyond 2035, research at Bauhaus Luftfahrt is based on a holistic approach that combines different disciplines for technical, economic, social and ecological analysis of future concepts and integrated solutions.
Role in HyFlexFuel
BHL is the coordinator of HyFlexFuel. The scientific tasks of BHL in HyFlexFuel are concentrated on system analysis and holistic technology assessment in WP5 Performance potential, risk and implementation study. BHL acts as Lead of WP5 and also of WP6 Synthesis of results, recommendations and perspectives. The tasks of BHL have a strongly integrative character, because all involved process steps along the entire production chain have to be taken into account at system level. BHL is in charge of performing the techno-economic, environmental and risk analysis of the integrated process. This includes the quantification of life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions as one of the most relevant performance indicators of renewable fuels.
BHL brings together results from experimental and theoretical tasks and leads the development of recommendations and roadmaps for future R&D efforts towards commercialization of HTL-based fuel production.
Dr Christian Endres
Project staffChristian Endres earned his doctorate degree in Chemical Engineering in 2017 from Technical University Munich and his diploma degree in Chemical and Bioengineering in 2010 from the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg. Since 2011 he is working at Bauhaus Luftfahrt where he specialized on process engineering as well as techno-economic and lifecycle assessment of fuel production pathways.
Dr Arne Roth
Coordinator/Work Package Leader
Arne Roth received his doctorate degree (Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, 2007) and diploma degree (Bielefeld University, 2003) in Chemistry. He is currently leading the research focus area on alternative fuels at Bauhaus Luftfahrt and looks back on 15 years of research experience in different thematic fields. His main areas of work are fuels assessment, fuels chemistry, chemical processes of biomass conversion and feedstock potentials. Arne serves as active member in various expert groups, e.g. in the German initiative aireg e.V. and the working group on “Protecting the Environment and the Energy Supply” of The Advisory Council for Aviation Research and Innovation in Europe (ACARE).
Project staffJunior researcher at Bauhaus Luftfahrt since 2017. Master’s degree in Energy & Process Engineering. Expertise in modeling and optimization of fuel production pathways. His work is dedicated to techno-economic analysis, life cycle analysis, and socio-environmental impact determination.
Dr Antoine Habersetzer
Project staffAntoine Habersetzer received his doctorate degree in 2017 from the University of Bern and his diploma degree in 2013 from the University of Würzburg, both in the field of Geography. His main areas of research are innovation, entrepreneurship, and regional development. Antoine is working at Bauhaus Luftfahrt since 2017 and focuses on the economics of alternative fuels, comprising different aspects such as regional feedstock supply, facility location effects, system integration, and policy implications.
Project staffChristina Penke received her master degree in Process Engineering in 2016 from the TU Bergakademie Freiberg. During her studies she concentrated on energetic and reaction-kinetic process modelling. Christina Penke has been a researcher at Bauhaus Luftfahrt since 2017, focusing on the thermochemical conversion of biomass into fuel.
Aarhus University (AU) was founded in 1928 and covers the entire research spectrum from fundamental research towards applied and strategic research plus research-based advice to authorities. AU has about 37.500 students, (including 1.900 PhD students and almost 700 postdoctoral scholars) and about 7,600 employees. The university has strong international connections, and one out of four PhD students are international.
Department of Chemistry (AU-CHEM) has a strong research profile and houses several major Centers of Excellence. The department has more than 200 bachelor students, a large number of master students and more than 100 PhD students. The department has top class facilities for liquefaction, catalyst tests and chemical characterization. The project partners are also affiliated with the iNANO Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center at AU, which is a major research and education center, conducting interdisciplinary and interdepartmental research with a large number of ongoing industrial projects and partnerships.
Role in HyFlexFuel
AU uses its state-of-the-art continuous HTL facilities to optimise the HTL process in engineering and chemistry terms. AU is responsible for delivering HTL water, bio-crude and solid samples from pilot-scale plant to partners, for upgrading and valorisation of side-streams. AU will apply advanced analytical equipment and experience for analysis of bio-crude samples and development of a unified HTL reaction model. AU will also support the system-level analysis, process modelling, risk assessment as well as techno-economic and environmental assessment.
Associate Professor, Dr. Marianne Glasius
Work Package Leader
Marianne Glasius received her Ph.D. in 2000. Heads research group and analysis lab focusing on advanced chemical characterisation of compounds in complex matrices. Experience with HTL since 2010.
Associate Professor Ib Johannsen
Project management, process development, hydrothermal treatment, materials science. Project and management experience from several EU and National projects. Extensive industrial and international experience.
Professor, Dr. scient. et. techn Bo Brummerstedt Iversen
Bo Brummerstedt Iversen received his PhD and Doctor of Science from AU, Doctor of Technology from Technological University of Denmark. Founder of the research group on HTL technology and bio-oil production at Dept. of Chem, AU. Experience within HTL research since 2008, even longer track record on solvothermal reactor construction and materials characterization.
Assistant Professor, Dr. Patrick Biller
Patrick Biller received his Ph.D. from Leeds University (UK). Experience in running HTL reactors from batch to semi-industrial scale since 2010. Extensive international collaborations on successful HTL projects.
Dr. René Bjerregaard Madsen
René Bjerregaard Madsen received his PhD. from AU in 2017. Thesis on development of methods for characterisation of products from HTL of biomass and process understanding.
Dr. Konstantinos Anastasakis
Konstantinos Anastasakis received his PhD from Leeds University (UK) in process engineering in 2011. Thesis on the potential of production of fuels and chemicals from marine biomass. Extensive experience in renewable fuels and chemicals. Experience in HTL since 2007.
Dr. Jacob Becker
Jacob Becker received his Ph.D. from AU. Research center manager and project leader on strategic projects since 2012, incl. 3 national projects on HTL and bio-oil production. Ph.D. in chemistry with thesis on HTL reactor construction. Extensive experience within solvothermal and hydrothermal chemistry
AALBORG UNIVERSITy, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
AAU was founded in 1974 as Aalborg Universitetscenter (AUC – 1974-1994) with a student population of only 1,600, which has grown to almost 21,000 in 2015, including more than 3,000 international students. Almost 40% of the students are within engineering and natural sciences, which makes AAU the largest engineering education institution in Denmark. In 2015, there were just under 1,000 PhD students enrolled in the AAU doctoral programme. AAU is a campus-based university, with main campus in Aalborg and satellite campuses in Esbjerg (major off-shore city in Denmark) and Copenhagen. In 2016, AAU Engineering was ranked 39 globally by the Shanghai Ranking (URWA).
The Department of Energy Technology (ET) consists of approximately 120 scientific staff, 100 PhD students, 60 guest researchers and 400 BSc and MSc students. For several years, ET has been faculty leader in terms of external research funding, publications and citations in both cumulative numbers and on a per-head basis. Several scientists have received high recognition in terms of awards and ERC grants, and the department has over the years established a strong research support unit as well as extensive, world class experimental facilities covering the range of research fields within the department. Within the field of HTL, ET hosts pilot scale facilities for continuous liquefaction as well as catalytic upgrading, supplemented by access to micro-scale parametric units and extensive analysis capabilities. Furthermore, actual fuel testing can be carried out in the lab.
Role in HyFlexFuel
AAU is leading WP3 on the upgrading of bio-crude. As a part of this, AAU will coordinate activities with the partners in the WP, and ensure that objectives are met on time. Specifically, AAU will perform all hydrotreating experiments in batch and continuous mode as well as analysis on inputs and outputs to these.
Professor Lasse Rosendahl
Work Package Leader
Lasse Rosendahl (M), PhD, professor of thermal energy technology, group leader biomass for energy. More than 20 years of experience within thermochemical processes and more than 10 years specifically in the field of HTL and related areas. Author of over 75 WoS indexed publications, h-index 25. Principal investigator in several national and international research projects. Research board member in several Nordic countries. Reviewer for several international journals in the field of thermal energy and biomass technology. Danish expert representative to the Horizon 2020 Energy Program Committee.
Dr. Daniele Castello
Project staffPostDoc in biofuel upgrading. Around 8 years of experience in the field of biomass thermochemical conversion, including supercritical water gasification, hydrothermal carbonization and catalytic pyrolysis. Research work carried out at several European universities, with both experimental and modelling activities. Author of 15 indexed publications, h-index 11. Reviewer for many journals in the field of biomass, renewable energy and chemical engineering.
Muhammad Salman Haider
He received his M.Sc. (Hons.) in Advanced Materials and Processes at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg in 2018. During his Master`s degree, he successfully specialized in Chemical Engineering and Nano-technology. He writes his final thesis on “Denitrogenation and desulfurization of liquid fuels using polyoxometalate catalysts”, at the “Institute of Chemical and Reaction Engineering” under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Peter Wasserscheid. From May 2018, he joined the project as a Ph.D. student at Aalborg University with a research focuses on Catalytic Upgrading of Bio-crude and Fuel Production.
PAUL SCHERRER INSTITUT
The Paul Scherrer Institute PSI is the largest research facility for natural and engineering sciences in Switzerland and conducts cutting-edge research in three main areas: matter and materials, energy and environment and human health. PSI develops, builds and operates complex large research facilities which are used by more than 2500 scientists from Switzerland and around the world every year to carry out experiments that are not possible anywhere else. PSI is committed to the training of future generations. About one quarter of our staff are apprentices, post-graduates or post-docs. PSI employs 2100 people, with an annual budget of approximately CHF 380 million. It is primarily financed by the Swiss Confederation as part of the ETH Domain.
The Catalytic Process Engineering group (CPE) comprises currently 15 coworkers including the group head, Prof. Frédéric Vogel. It is one of the leading groups in the field of catalytic hydrothermal gasification. CPE’s research activities range from molecular-level to pilot-scale investigations. Fundamental phenomena in hot compressed water are addressed by, for instance, advanced Raman, EXAFS, or neutron radiography in-situ studies. A prototype salt separator designed for a throughput of 50 kg/h has been successfully tested in collaboration with KIT on residues from anaerobic digestion in July 2015.
Role in HyFlexFuel
PSI-CPE is leading the work package 4 “Valorisaton of residual streams” and contributes to products characterization in WP 2. We convert the organic residues of the HTL process water phase to methane by our catalytic hydrothermal gasification process. The salts contained in the water phase are separated and collected as a concentrated brine, generating an additional value through the possibility of nutrient recovery. Furthermore, PSI-CPE characterizes the aqueous and bio-crude HTL process phases. We have an advanced analytics platform with state-of-the-art high resolution mass spectrometry.
Prof. Dr. Frédéric Vogel
Work Package Leader
Prof. Dr. Frédéric Vogel (m) is a Chemical Engineer (M.Sc. and PhD both from ETH Zurich) who has been leading the development and research activities of PSI-CPE in the field of catalytic hydrothermal gasification since 2003. He is the Principal Investigator of a number of smaller and larger research projects related to hydrothermal gasification. Besides his activities at PSI-CPE, he is also acting as CTO of Hydromethan AG, a spin-off company founded in 2010 for scaling up and commercializing PSI’s hydrothermal gasification process. Since 2012 he is also professor for renewable energies at the University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW). He has taught the Fundamentals of Process Engineering at ETH Zürich for nine years and teaches the same subject now at FHNW as well as a fundamental course on Bioenergy at FHNW. Frédéric Vogel has published more than 70 peer-reviewed scientific papers in high-ranking journals and made more than 100 contributions to international scientific conferences. He has contributed a chapter on Hydrothermal Processes for the new edition of “Energie aus Biomasse” edited by Kaltschmitt et al. He is a member of the scientific committee for the European Biomass Conference and an Editorial Board member of Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery.
Michael Szostak, M.Sc. (m), is a PhD candidate in Chemical Engineering at the PSI and the EPF Lausanne supervised by Prof. Dr. Oliver Kröcher and Prof. Dr. Frédéric Vogel. He received both his B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Chemical Engineering at the TU Munich. During his Master`s degree he successfully specialized in process engineering and material science and characterization at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Chair of Technical Electrochemistry of the TUM. Currently, his research focuses on optimizing material traps for Sulphur abatement from the feed of the hydrothermal gasification unit through understanding the interaction of Sulphur compounds with these materials.
Dr. Saša Bjelić
Project staffSaša Bjelić, PhD (m) is a mass spectrometry specialist with experience in industrial as well as academic environment. He obtained his M. Sc. and PhD both from University of Zurich. He is working as senior scientist at PSI and is responsible for the analytics in several HTL projects. He has built a state-of-the-art analytics platform at PSI comprising unique mass spectrometry configurations. His focus is on the development of standardised analytical procedures and data evaluation methods. Saša Bjelić has published 20 peer-reviewed scientific papers in high-ranking journals.
Dr. David Baudouin
David Baudouin, PhD (m) is a senior scientist specialised in catalysis and material science with experience both in industry and academic environment. He obtained his M.Sc. in Chemistry and Chemical Engineering in Lyon and Tarragona and was attributed a PhD in catalysis from the University of Lyon, in collaboration with Sasol. After a post-doctoral stay at ETH Zürich, he worked in two start-ups as product development engineer and CTO. His research is focused on the design and characterization of heterogeneous catalysts and materials for hydrothermal processes. David Baudouin authored 25 peer-reviewed scientific publications and 4 PCT patents.
From left to right: P. Unverricht, D. Gschwend, Y. Bäuerle, C. Hunston, E. De Boni, D. Scholz, Dr. S. Bjelić, T. Käser, Dr. K. Arturi, L. Fischer, Prof. Dr. F. Vogel. Not on the picture: M. Szostak, Dr. D. Baudouin, S. Viereck (ETHZ), M. Roth (FHNW), F. Mangold (FHNW), S. Solin (FHNW)
DBFZ DEUTSCHES BIOMASSEFORSCHUNGSZENTRUM GEMEINNUETZIGE GMBH
Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum (DBFZ): The DBFZ was established in 2008. It is the main research center for applied bioenergy research in Germany employing more than 220 researchers as well as technical and laboratory staff. It’s a non-for profit company; sole shareholder is the German Federal Ministry of Food (BMEL). DBFZs mission is to support the efficient integration of biomass as a valuable resource for sustainable energy supply. The development of new processes, methods and concepts takes place in close cooperation with business partners and research facilities. R&D is provided for all conversion pathways and technologies such as biochemical, thermochemical conversion, biorefinery technology and on bioenergy systems.
Role in HyFlexFuel
The tasks of DBFZ in HyFlexFuel are focussed on WP1 Feedstock availability and supply. DBFZ is leading and coordinating the work package. This will require close collaboration and communication with all partners involved in WP1 as well as with other WPs and tasks (especially WP2 and WP5). DBFZ will assess the availability of feedstocks for the HTL process on a national level for the EU28 member states. Furthermore, regional availability assessments will be conducted for selected feedstocks and member states based on exemplary feedstock supply chains and HTL technology configurations. As a result of this task, DBFZ will discuss potential feedstock availability for HTL conversion and provide indications for feedstock supply costs under consideration of regional and spatial characteristics and specific technical requirements defined by the HTL process and plant. Finally, DBFZ will analyze several key properties of selected promising feedstocks for HTL conversion, such as elemental composition, ash content, heating value, content of trace elements, content of lignin, cellulose, proteins, etc. The results of this task will feed into WP2 and other WPs.
Mario Rios, M.Eng.
Work Package LeaderMario Rios received his Master’s degree in engineering in the field of energy economics at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in 2010. He did his PhD at the Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) in the same field, and currently he is working at DBFZ as a research scientist in the department of bioenergy systems. His work focuses on biomass potential assessment, its techno-economic and sustainability aspects as well as on bio-economy concepts. He has worked for national and international projects, especially in the field of organic-waste and residues.
Dr. Kati Görsch
Project staffKati Görsch received her PhD in the field of bioprocess engineering at the Technische Universität Dresden. Since 2015, she has been working as research scientist at the DBFZ with special focus on hydrothermal conversion processes. In this context, she investigates the influence of process parameters and feedstock characteristics on the yield and composition of the conversion products as well as their applicability in advanced biorefinery concepts. Furthermore she is responsible for the analytical laboratory of the DBFZ and strongly involved in the GC and HPLC method development.
The UNIVERSITy of HOHENHEIM
The University of Hohenheim UHOH has strong activities in agricultural science, but also in economics and natural science. In Germany UHOH is the university with the largest faculty of agricultural science, and the leading German university in this field. This university was founded in 1818 and has now a focus on bio-economy. One of the areas of Hohenheim’s research work is conversion technology of renewable resources. It covers new products and new productions processes, made of renewable feedstock.
Of particular interest here is the substitution of fossil fuel by biomass and valorisation of waste streams by the recovery of nutrient. Concerning gender aspects, it might be interesting that UHOH is the first German university with a female professor: Magarete von Wrangel (1923).
Role in HyFlexFuel
UHOH is consequently assigned to WP4 and has committed to address the nutrient recovery in this project. The main task is to find and optimize an effective recovery option for certain feedstocks. After the first assessment of all feedstock-dependant waste streams and a prescription of the fate of relevant nutrients like phosphorus and nitrogen, especially struvite (Magnesium ammonium phosphate) precipitation will be assessed as recovery option for liquid streams. As phosphate might be fixed in solid residues of the HTL process an acid leaching approach will be assessed to solve phosphates and make it available for struvite precipitation. The recuperation of nutrients is specifically addressed and is set out to produce a fertilizer in form of Magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP/struvite), a fertiliser product with an established market. The recovery of nutrients shall also lead to a protection of the catalysts used in the catalytic hydrothermal gasification (cHTG) of process water phase.
Prof. Dr. habil. Dipl. Chem. Andrea Kruse
Work Package LeaderShe received her doctoral degree (the Research Centre Karlsruhe, University of Heidelberg, 1994) in Applied Physical Chemistry and Habilitation (the technical university of Darmstadt, 2006) in Chemical Technology. Since 2012 she is chairholder at the institute of agricultural engineering of the University of Hohenheim and coordinated the work in field of nutrient recovery in this project. Andrea Kruse has several patents and around 130 papers (H-index 34, Scopus 23.2.2018) in the field of hydrothermal processes and biomass conversion and has long experience with industrial cooperations and international research. She is member of ProcessNet Board “High-Pressure Process Engineering”, Editorial Board of “The Journal of Supercritical Fluids”, VDI DIN Committee for the “Emissions of the Carbonization”, VDI board for Agricultural Engineering and the scientific board of the Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconemy Potsdam-Bornim. Since 2016 she is also an advisory board member of the “Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum, Leipzig”.
Gero Becker, M.Sc.
Project staffHe received his Master’s degree in Biobased Products and Bioenergy at the University of Hohenheim in 2014. As researcher and PhD student at UHOH he focuses on phosphorus recovery from hydrothermally treated municipal and agricultural wastes.
Ekaterina Ovsyannikova, Dipl.-Ing.
Project staffShe received her degree in the field of Environmental protection and sustainable use of natural resources at State Technical University of Moscow in 2008 and in addition in Process Engineering at the Technical University of Dresden in 2014. From 2018, Ekaterina is a PhD student at UHOH with a research focus on phosphorus recovery.
ORGANIC WASTE SYSTEM NV
OWS is a world leading company in the construction and operation of anaerobic digestion plants, in the biodegradability and compostability testing of different types of materials and in waste management consultancy. OWS is a private company constituted in 1988 with headquarters in Ghent (Belgium) and subsidiaries in the USA, Germany and Japan. OWS developed the DRANCO process (dry anaerobic composting) to treat several types of organic municipal waste streams. In the last 10 years, OWS also offers processes for energy crops and agro/industrial waste streams (DRANCO-farm and BES). The latest addition to OWS’s waste treatment portfolio is the SORDISEP technology in which biogas, qualitative compost and recyclables are recovered from unsorted municipal waste streams. Besides design, construction and automation of anaerobic digestion and composting plants, OWS offers extensive biological support in AD-related projects, ranging from feasibility studies (including pre- and post-treatment steps) over start-up of AD-plants (own technology and third-party plants) to routine analyses and biological monitoring of the process.
OWS also offers diverse consulting services in the field of biodegradation and composting, waste composition, waste separation, recycling, integrated waste management and related legislation in both Europe and the USA. OWS provides contract research laboratory testing for the determination of the biodegradability and compostability of plastics, packaging materials, consumer products, detergents… under strict quality conditions. As a strictly independent laboratory working conform ISO 17025, OWS is recognized by all certification bureaus worldwide working in the field of biodegradability and compostability.
Role in HyFlexFuel
The Biogas Consulting & Support division of OWS is involved in different research topics with the aim to improve the efficiency of the anaerobic digestion process. As such, OWS will perform anaerobic digestion trials on the HTL wastewaters, both in batch and continuous process mode in a lab-scale environment. As these HTL wastewaters still contain a significant amount of COD, the target is to valorise this COD by converting it to biogas, which can in turn be used to fuel the internal energy demand of the process chain, or it can be sold to the grid. The remaining digestate containing all the nutrients will be converted in an organic fertilizer, thus fully closing the circle.
Filip Velghe, Project Engineer BCS
Project staffHe received his Master of Science in bioscience engineering (environmental technologies) at the University of Ghent in 2005 and a Master of Science in Physical Land Resources (soil science) at the University of Ghent in 2006. With over 10 year experience in anaerobic digestion and related technologies, he is responsible for anaerobic digestion optimization, including pre- and post-treatment processes, follow-up of full-scale AD plants and R&D in the area of carboxylic acid production, gas fermentation and microbial chain elongation.
Lies Debeer, Project Engineer BCS
Project staffShe received her Master of Science in bioscience engineering (cell and gene biotechnology) at the University of Ghent in 2006. With 10 year experience in anaerobic digestion and related technologies, she is responsible for anaerobic digestion optimization, including pre- and post-treatment processes, follow-up of full-scale AD plants and Standardized biodegradation tests in anaerobic environments.
Eni was founded in 1953. Its name is an acronym for the company’s full title Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi, now it is an integrated company that operates across the entire energy chain. It carries out oil & gas exploration, development and extraction, trades in oil, gas, LNG and electricity and sells high-quality fuels and lubricants, mainly in Italy, Asia, Africa and South America. Eni takes part to the process that will lead to the adoption of renewable energy sources, the so-called ‘decarbonisation’ of the economy.
The company considers technological innovation the heart of its economic growth and business competitiveness and the only lever to ensure the sustainability of future development.
The main topics of research in the field of renewable energy from biomass are:
- algae, waste, yeasts and bacteria conversion to advanced biofuels
- gasification or Short Contact Time Catalytic Partial Oxidation to syn gas followed by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis for conversion to biofuel
- thermochemical conversion of organic waste into bio-fuel
The main topics of research on solar energy are:
- the development of photovoltaic devices based on organic semiconductors
- the production of Luminescent Solar Concentrators photoactive materials for environmental and energy applications
- the development of Concentrating Solar Power systems for thermal and electric energy combined production
- development of technological solutions for solar energy storage
Role in HyFlexFuel
Eni will contribute to product evaluation of the main cuts (diesel and gasoline) of the products of bio-crude upgrading. Distillation fractions will be characterized for chemical and physical properties and performances. Eni will investigate most suitable drop-in points for bio-crude or upgraded bio-crudes in the fuel infrastructure and refinery systems, detailing the requirements for commercial exploitation as an integrated approach with their current refinery operations. Eni will also contribute to the development of a business case for a fuel production facility based on HyFlexFuel technology.
Graduated in industrial chemistry from University of Milan. She has experiences in the field of technologies for energy and bio-fuels production. Researcher in the process technologies department – active in Waste to Fuel and Algae projects.
Project staffGraduated in Organic Chemistry from the University of Pavia. He has experience in green petrochemical processes, design and testing of laboratory-scale pilot plants. He is project leader of biofuel from organic waste eni project. He was board member of the Italian National Biofuels Technology Platform. He is a member of the Italian Chemical Society. Active in Renewable Energy and bio-based chemical production.
Project Manager in Renewable Energy and Environmental R&D Center
Graduated in chemistry from the University of Milan. She has experience in crude oil analysis and characterization, skills and expertise in petroleum chemistry, petroleum refining, process simulation and modelling, member of American Chemical Society and of Society of Petroleum Engineers.
Project Manager in the product R&D eni organization unit.
Project staffGraduated in chemistry from the University of Milan. His research activities are mainly focused on biocatalysis, homogeneous and heterogenous catalysis and fermentation technology. He is presently R&D Program Manager for energy from biomasses projects.
Renewable Energy and Environmental R&D Center
Via Fauser, 4
28100 Novara (NO), Italy
Upstream & Downstream R&D Center
Via Maritano, 26
20097 San Donato Milanese (MI), Italy
HALDOR TOPSOE AS
Haldor Topsoe is a world leader in catalysis and surface science, committed to helping our customers achieve optimal performance. We enable companies to get the most out of their processes and products, using the least possible energy and resources.
Topsoe design, engineer and license a broad range of processes for chemical processing, hydroprocessing and emissions management. Topsoe offers over 150 different catalysts and we design and manufacture catalysts, equipment, and services tailored for specific customer needs.
We help our customers use fossil resources in the most responsible, eco-friendly and efficient manner possible. But we are also involved in shaping the future. Topsoe’s research and development work with new technologies for converting waste and byproducts into valuable fuels, gases and chemicals is at a very advanced stage.
We are headquartered in Denmark and do project development, R&D, engineering, production, and sales & service across the globe. Our offices cover North America, South America, Europe, Russia, Middle East, India, Southeast Asia and China.
In 2015, our revenue was approximately 860 million US dollars, and we employ some 2,600 employees.
Role in HyFlexFuel
Haldor Topsøe is world leader in hydroprocessing of renewable streams. As part of this Topsoe will be engaged in the hydrotreatment activities in the project, and advise on technology, development, selection and test of catalyst possibilities and as such ensure the best and most economical solutions.
As with fossil fuels, variations in renewable types are many (vegetable oils, animal fats, used cooking oils and pyrolysis oils, residues from pulp mills, etc.). To successfully produce fuels from renewables, the feedstock needs to be evaluated with regard to:
- Fouling tendency and grading catalyst requirements: Which contaminants will affect the cycle and to what extent (deactivation, pressure drop).
- Activity: Can the oxygenated compounds be easily hydrodeoxygenated (HDO)? Is organic nitrogen a concern due to its inhibiting effect on hydrotreating activity?
- Yield structure and product properties: The feedstock composition will have a huge influence on the end products and the end product properties. For example, some triglycerides may contain fatty acids with high carbon numbers that would produce molecules outside the desired fuel range.
- Deactivation: Phosphorous and silicon are known to deactivate the catalyst even at very low concentrations (a few ppm) and may deactivate the bulk HDO catalyst without a proper grading.
- Heat balance and hydrogen consumption: High oxygen content and unsaturated compounds will give rise to large exotherms and will also strongly affect the hydrogen consumption.
- Mechanical: The acid number and by-product of the feedstock will affect to which degree corrosion will be an issue for the unit.
- Unit operations: The handling of a wide operating window require strong experience in layout, control, and handling of upset situations.
Director Per Zeuthen
Role in HyFlexFuel
ARTTIC is running the HyFlexFuel Project Office through which it will provide the methods, tools and operational support to promote an effective collaboration within the consortium. It will support the consortium in the daily management, administrative and contractual tasks to ensure the project is properly monitored and decisions and actions are prepared and taken according to the project’s progress. ARTTIC aims at simplifying the contractual and administrative work requested from the researchers as much as possible. Furthermore, ARTTIC supports project communication, dissemination, IPR management and exploitation activities.
Work Package Leader
Andreas Schweinberger is Senior Consultant at ARTTIC and joined the company in January 2012. Andreas has 12 years of experience in the management, communication and exploitation of European collaborative projects. He also worked for many years as project developer and innovation manager for national and European research activities in the field of ICT. He was work package and task leader in two CSA (Peach and RoboCom), developing strategies for strengthening collaboration in multi-disciplinary research environments. Andreas is currently leading exploitation activities as work package leader in the H2020 biotechnology project BIOCONCO2, including advanced business and exploitation planning. He holds a French Master degree in European Project Management and graduated in Political Sciences and Philosophy.
Elsa holds a Bsc.with honors in Transport Management and Logistics from the University of Bordeaux 4 (France) and Napier University (Scotland) as well as a Master in Strategic Project Management from Heriot Watt University (Scotland). She is a certified PMP and management of portfolios practitioner. Before joining ARTTIC, Elsa worked as a Project manager at the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) in Scotland. She currently manages two EU research projects in the field of energy – HyFlexFuel and TURBO-REFLEX.